Birth Place of Lord Buddha
How to reach the place from india –
Located in Nepal at a distance of about 20 km from the Indian boarder town of Sonauli, one cold travel to Limbini by road. Citizens of SARC countries can apply for the VISA at this point.
Religious significance –
One the full moon day of May 623 BC, Maya Devi Travelling from Sakyan capital of Kapilawasthu to devadaha, her parents home, stoped at lumbini garden, a pleasure grove of sala trees to admire the flowering trees and plants there she gave birth to Prince Siddarth, Bodhisaththa. No sooner he was born he took seven steps to the north and decleard his position in the world saying,
Aggo’ ham asmi Lokassa- I am the chief in the world
Jetto’ ham asmi Lokassa – I am the highest in the world
Setto’ ham asmi Lokassa – I am the noblest in the world
Ayam anthima Jathi – This is my last birth
Naththi dani Punnabbhawo – There is no more becoming of me
No sooner he was born, great immeasurable light appeared with radiance penetrating even the abysamal world interspace of darkness. The tenthousand world systems got shaken, quaked and trembled to hereald the birth of Bodhisattha.
Histroical Background and object of interest –
In 249 BC te great Maurian emperor Ashoka, visited the place where Sakyamuni was born. He made the village Lumbini free exempted from taxes and subjected to pay only one eighth of the produce as land revenue instead of the usual rate.
- a. Ashokan Pillar
To commemorate his pilgrimage to the sacred places the emperor built a stone pillar, the Lumbini Pillar which stands majestically even today proclaiming that here the Buddha was born.
- b. Sanctum Sanctorum
Holiest of holy places – At the site of old Maya Devi shrine, which was dismantled around 1995 for archaeological excavations, is a commemorative stone slab at a depth of 5 meters, atop a platform of seven layers of bricks, dating back to the 3rd century B.C., pinpointing the exact location of Buddha’s birth place, the Sanctum Sanctorum
- Myanmar, Napalese, Tibetan Viharas and Meditaion Centres – Built inside the Lumbini garden is a Nepalese Vihara, a Theravada monastery run by the Napalese bhikku. The Tibetan and Myanmar Viharas and the Panditharama Meditation Centre are further away outside the garden complex. Pilgrims are advice to pay their respect to the Sanga, whose presence has sanctified the environment of Lumbini
- Kapilavattu (Kapilavasthu) the Sakyyan Capital – Located some 27 kilometers west of Lumbini across the Indian border lie the ruins of Kapilavattu. Excavations of these ruins have exposed mounds of old stupas and monasteries made of likm burnt bricks and clay morar. The fortified area of the site is roughly 20.5 hectares. The outer city of the common citizens is very extensive. At one of the mounts, Tiluara Kot (Kot Mound), the pilgrims can still see the eastern gate Mahabinikama Dvar (great Renunciation Gate) from where the Buddha set out on his quest for Enlightenment on the night of the full moon of Asalha (Asala) in 594 B.C. when he was 29 years old.
- e. Kudan – Site of Nigrodarama (Banyan Grove)
At Kudan is a site, which the scholars believe to be the Nigrodarama or Banyan Grove, offerd by King Suddhodana when Buddha Visited Kapilavasthu. It was here that Ven. Rahula was ordained when he came to asks for his Inheritance.